Date: 4/2/21 12:49 pm
From: 'Dan Hubbard' via NHBirds <nhbirds...>
Subject: [NHBirds] Fw: PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): songbird source, CDC
Take heed.


-----Forwarded Message-----
>From: <promed-edr...>
>Sent: Apr 2, 2021 9:21 AM
>To: <promed-post...>, <promed-edr-post...>, <promed-ahead-post...>
>Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): songbird source, CDC
>
>
>SALMONELLOSIS, SEROTYPE TYPHIMURIUM - USA (02): SONGBIRD SOURCE, CDC
>********************************************************************
>A ProMED-mail post
><http://www.promedmail.org>
>ProMED-mail is a program of the
>International Society for Infectious Diseases
><http://www.isid.org>
>
>Date: Thu 1 Apr 2021
>Source: CDC, _Salmonella_ Homepage, Current Outbreaks [edited]
><https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/typhimurium-04-21/details.html>
>
>
>_Salmonella_ outbreak linked to wild songbirds
>----------------------------------------------
>CDC and public health officials in several states are collecting
>different types of data to investigate a multistate outbreak of
>_Salmonella [enterica_ serotype] Typhimurium infections in people.
>Epidemiologic and laboratory data show that contact with wild
>songbirds and bird feeders is likely making people sick in this
>outbreak.
>
>Epidemiologic data
>------------------
>As of 30 Mar 2021, a total of 19 people infected with the outbreak
>strain of _Salmonella_ Typhimurium have been reported from 8 states.
>Illnesses started on dates ranging from 26 Dec 2020 to 16 Mar 2021.
>The timeline of the cases can be found at
><https://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/typhimurium-04-21/epi.html>.
>
>Location / number of sick people
>--------------------------------
>California / 3
>Kentucky / 1
>Mississippi / 1
>New Hampshire / 1
>Oklahoma / 1
>Oregon / 5
>Tennessee / 1
>Washington / 6
>-----------------
>Total / 19
>
>Sick people range in age from 2 months to 89 years, with a median age
>of 16 years, and 63% are female. Of 17 people with information
>available, 8 have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported.
>
>Wild songbirds, such as pine siskins, can be found throughout the USA,
>so this outbreak may not be limited to the states with known
>illnesses. The true number of sick people in an outbreak is likely
>much higher than the number reported because many people recover
>without medical care and are not tested for _Salmonella_. In addition,
>recent illnesses may not yet be reported as it usually takes 2 to 4
>weeks to determine if a sick person is part of an outbreak.
>
>State and local public health officials are interviewing people about
>the animals they had contact with in the week before they got sick. Of
>the 13 people interviewed, 9 (69%) reported owning a bird feeder and 2
>(15%) people reported contact with a sick or dead wild bird. 10 people
>have pets that had access to or contact with wild birds.
>
>Laboratory data
>---------------
>Public health investigators are using the PulseNet system to identify
>illnesses that may be part of this outbreak. CDC PulseNet manages a
>national database of DNA fingerprints of bacteria that cause foodborne
>illnesses. DNA fingerprinting is performed on bacteria using a method
>called whole genome sequencing (WGS). WGS showed that bacteria from
>sick people's samples are closely related genetically. This means that
>people in this outbreak likely got sick from contact with the same
>source.
>
>Officials in Oregon and Washington collected samples from sick or dead
>wild pine siskin birds. WGS analysis showed that the _Salmonella_ from
>the pine siskins are closely related to bacteria from sick people.
>
>WGS of bacteria isolated from 14 people's samples and 3 animal samples
>did not predict any antimicrobial resistance. Standard antimicrobial
>susceptibility testing by CDC's National Antimicrobial Resistance
>Monitoring System (NARMS) laboratory is currently underway.
>
>Public health actions
>---------------------
>On [1 Apr 2021], CDC issued an investigation notice about this
>outbreak to remind people to not touch or hand-feed wild birds with
>bare hands and always wash hands after touching wild birds, bird
>feeders, and bird baths. Clean and disinfect bird feeders and bird
>baths weekly or when they are visibly dirty. If you find a sick bird,
>call your state wildlife agency or wildlife rehabilitator. If you find
>a dead bird, check with your state wildlife agency for information
>about reporting dead birds in your area.
>
>--
>Communicated by:
>ProMED
><promed...>
>
>[There have been recent reports of salmonellosis in songbirds as noted
>in the Smithsonian Magazine
>(<https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/songbirds-are-spreading-deadly-disease-birdfeeders-180977222/>):
>"_Salmonella_ outbreaks tend to happen every winter as birds huddle on
>bird feeders, one of the most reliable sources of food, writes
>Portland Audubon's Wildlife Care Center Manager Stephanie Herman in a
>blog. But this year [2021] has seen such an overwhelming number of
>pine siskins, feeders and birdbaths are especially crowded. This
>year's extra-large migration, called an irruption, is notable even
>among similar events because the birds migrated at night, Andrew
>Del-Colle wrote for Audubon in October [2020]."
>
>With this outbreak in birds, it is not a surprise that spillover into
>humans has occurred in those with direct or indirect contact with the
>birds. Pine siskins seem to be in the middle of the outbreak. Photos
>of the bird can be found at
><https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Pine_Siskin/media-browser/306420291>.
>The calls of the bird can be heard at
><https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Pine_Siskin/sounds>. - Mod.LL
>
>HealthMap/ProMED map:
>United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/106>]
>
>[See Also:
>Salmonellosis, st. Hadar - USA: FDA, turkey products
>http://promedmail.org/post/20210320.8257940
>Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA: human, pet turtles
>http://promedmail.org/post/20210225.8213775
>Salmonellosis, st Miami - USA: FDA, RFI
>http://promedmail.org/post/20210115.8103949
>2020
>----
>Salmonellosis, st Potsdam - USA: FDA
>http://promedmail.org/post/20201226.8048353
>Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis - USA (02): peaches, Canada cases
>http://promedmail.org/post/20201022.7882656
>Salmonellosis, st Paratyphi variant - USA: (MN) restaurant
>http://promedmail.org/post/20201015.7853887
>Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): hedgehog
>http://promedmail.org/post/20201002.7829697
>Salmonellosis, st. Muenster - USA: bearded dragon
>http://promedmail.org/post/20201002.7829688
>Salmonellosis - USA (04): live poultry, multiple serotypes
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200926.7814953
>Salmonellosis, st Stanley - USA: wood ear mushrooms, alert, recall
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200925.7813180
>Salmonellosis - USA (03): (IN) grocery store, RFI
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200919.7795969
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA, Canada (03): onions
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200916.7787726
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA, Canada (02): CDC, PHAC, onions
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200904.7744284
>Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis - USA: FDA, peaches, alert, risk
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200820.7698231
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA, Canada: CDC, PHAC, onions, recall
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200819.7694837
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA (05): CDC, onions, recall
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200809.7660909
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA (04): FDA, onions, recall
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200803.7640358
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA (03): CDC, red onions
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200801.7634958
>Salmonellosis - USA (02): live poultry, multiple serotypes
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200731.7629804
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - Canada: link to USA cases
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200726.7613979
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA (02): CDC, unidentified source
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200725.7610939
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA: CDC, unidentified source, RFI
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200722.7601547
>Salmonellosis - USA: live poultry, multiple serotypes
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200626.7513078
>Salmonellosis, st Hadar - USA: backyard poultry, CDC
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200521.7363526
>Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA: pet turtles
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200215.6992577
>Salmonellosis, st Javiana - USA: cut fruit
>http://promedmail.org/post/20200105.6872238
>2019
>----
>Salmonellosis, st Javiana - USA: (PA) healthcare facilities, cut
>fruit, recall http://promedmail.org/post/20191209.6831443
>Salmonellosis, st Oranienburg - USA: pet turtles
>http://promedmail.org/post/20191017.6731802
>Salmonellosis - USA (06): (MD) restaurant, hummus
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190926.6696558
>Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:i:- - USA (04): pig ear dog treats, other
>serotypes http://promedmail.org/post/20190908.6663432
>Salmonellosis - USA (05): live poultry, multiple serotypes, fatal
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190905.6659617
>Salmonellosis - USA (04): (WI) natural food facility
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190904.6657402
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA (02): MDR, USA beef, Mexican cheese
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190823.6635807
>Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:i:- - USA (03): pig ear dog treats, other
>serotypes http://promedmail.org/post/20190801.6600332
>Salmonellosis - USA (03): live poultry, multiple serotypes, fatal
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190723.6581931
>Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:i:- - USA (02): pig ear dog treats, other
>serotypes http://promedmail.org/post/20190722.6581930
>Salmonellosis, st Uganda - USA (02): Mexican papayas, alert
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190706.6554747
>Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:i:- - USA: pig ear dog treats
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190704.6551235
>Salmonellosis, st Uganda - USA: Mexican papayas, alert
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190701.6545756
>Salmonellosis - USA (02): live poultry, multiple serotypes
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190615.6522442
>Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (03): pet hedgehog
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190602.6498690
>Salmonellosis, st Braenderup & Montevideo - USA: live poultry
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190518.6472999
>Salmonellosis, st Concord - USA: tahini, alert, recall request
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190517.6471874
>Salmonellosis, st Carrau - USA (02): precut melon, CDC
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190426.6442308
>Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA: frozen raw tuna, alert, recall
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190416.6425979
>Salmonellosis, st Carrau - USA: precut melon, CDC
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190415.6423047
>Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): pet hedgehog
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190404.6404908
>Salmonellosis, st Schwartzengrund - USA: ground turkey products,
>recall http://promedmail.org/post/20190314.6367033
>Salmonellosis, st Reading - USA, Canada: raw turkey products, pet food
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190201.6288745
>Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA: pet hedgehogs
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190126.6279027
>Salmonellosis - USA: (MI) live poultry, mail-order hatchery
>http://promedmail.org/post/20190103.6241365]
>.................................................ll/mj/lm
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