Date: 11/21/20 1:49 pm
From: Nick Bolgiano <nickbolgiano...>
Subject: cone crops at Bear Meadows
Many black spruce and white pine trees at Bear Meadows have abundant cones
this fall, but hemlock cones are sparse. If white-winged crossbills reach
our area, this is a likely place to find them, as they like black spruce
cones. When they were here in good numbers during the winter of 1997-98,
they fed on hemlock cones, but they will have to do with black spruce and
this is the one local spot with that tree.

I found many red-breasted nuthatches and a single red crossbill here on

Attached are two pictures. In the fall, cottongrass appears as in the one
picture across N. America's boreal bogs. Also, a sleepy porcupine that has
apparently been eating the bark of the black birch tree it was in.

Nick Bolgiano

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