Date: 1/14/20 1:18 pm
From: Aelita J Pinter <apinter...>
Subject: Re: [LABIRD-L] Fascinating Salvia spellings for the birds

The spelling "gesnerae" is the feminine genitive singular, the "ii" ending is masculine. For example, I would have guessed opuntiaeflora would be preferable to opuntiiflora, i.e., using the genitive for the [feminine] "Opuntia". Learn something new and wonderful every day.

Lita Pinter

From: Bulletin Board for Dissemination of Information on Louisiana Birds <LABIRD-L...> on behalf of Henry, Donata R <droome...>
Sent: Tuesday, January 14, 2020 2:46 PM
To: <LABIRD-L...> <LABIRD-L...>
Subject: [LABIRD-L] Fascinating Salvia spellings for the birds

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From Steve Darwin, a consummate botanist:

According to the International Plant Name Index, Salvia gesneriiflora Lindley & Paxton, published in 1851, is the correct name. Salvia gesneriifolia, published by Lemaire one year later, was a spelling mistake. This makes sense: the flowers ("flora") of this salvia resemble those of Gesneria, the leaves (folia) not so much.

Interestingly, the spelling originally used by Lindley and Paxton was gesneraeflora, which, under Article 60 of the INTERNATIONAL CODE OF NOMENCLATURE FOR ALGAE, FUNGI, AND PLANTS, is considered to be a word-compounding error. Example given under Article 60: " ... the use of the genitive singular case ending of Latin first-declension nouns instead of a connecting vowel is treated as an error to be corrected ... The epithet of Pereskia ‘opuntiaeflora’ DC. (in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 76. 1828) is to be spelled opuntiiflora, and that of Myrosma ‘cannaefolia’ L. f. (Suppl. Pl. 80. 1782), cannifolia."

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