Date: 1/14/20 1:18 pm
From: Aelita J Pinter <apinter...>
Subject: Re: [LABIRD-L] Fascinating Salvia spellings for the birds
Interesting!

The spelling "gesnerae" is the feminine genitive singular, the "ii" ending is masculine. For example, I would have guessed opuntiaeflora would be preferable to opuntiiflora, i.e., using the genitive for the [feminine] "Opuntia". Learn something new and wonderful every day.

Lita Pinter

________________________________
From: Bulletin Board for Dissemination of Information on Louisiana Birds <LABIRD-L...> on behalf of Henry, Donata R <droome...>
Sent: Tuesday, January 14, 2020 2:46 PM
To: <LABIRD-L...> <LABIRD-L...>
Subject: [LABIRD-L] Fascinating Salvia spellings for the birds

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From Steve Darwin, a consummate botanist:

SHORT ANSWER:
According to the International Plant Name Index, Salvia gesneriiflora Lindley & Paxton, published in 1851, is the correct name. Salvia gesneriifolia, published by Lemaire one year later, was a spelling mistake. This makes sense: the flowers ("flora") of this salvia resemble those of Gesneria, the leaves (folia) not so much.

OTHER INFORMATION:
Interestingly, the spelling originally used by Lindley and Paxton was gesneraeflora, which, under Article 60 of the INTERNATIONAL CODE OF NOMENCLATURE FOR ALGAE, FUNGI, AND PLANTS, is considered to be a word-compounding error. Example given under Article 60: " ... the use of the genitive singular case ending of Latin first-declension nouns instead of a connecting vowel is treated as an error to be corrected ... The epithet of Pereskia ‘opuntiaeflora’ DC. (in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 76. 1828) is to be spelled opuntiiflora, and that of Myrosma ‘cannaefolia’ L. f. (Suppl. Pl. 80. 1782), cannifolia."

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