Date: 12/30/19 12:12 pm
From: Spector, David (Biology) <spectord...>
Subject: RE: [MASSBIRD] Leucistic junco (?)
The terms "albino," "leucistic," and "dilute" are used somewhat differently by different people, and some people get very adamant that their usage is the one and only "correct" usage. Here is one useful view of these terms: .

In some cases, such as young female juncos, distinguishing abnormally pale conditions from the extreme end of normal variation might not be easy.

David Spector
Belchertown, Massachusetts

From: <massbird-approval...> [<massbird-approval...>] on behalf of Chris Heys [<chris.p.heys...>]
Sent: Monday, December 30, 2019 2:42 PM
To: Alvin T Laasanen
Cc: Massbird
Subject: Re: [MASSBIRD] Leucistic junco (?)

Very neat. Does anyone reading this have a quick and dirty rundown on the difference between albinism and leucism in our avifauna?

I understand albinism is loss of melanin while leucism is loss of other pigments aside from melanin and it did not affect the eyes. But is there a way to use the terms correctly simply by observing a particular bird?

Chris Heys
Jaffrey NH

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