Using the drop-down menu on the left, you can choose from over 100 species of migratory breeding birds. Slider bars allow you to choose a year and the widths of the bars in the histograms. Choose a binwidth of 1 if you want to see the actual date of each sighting or a larger number to see the general pattern of first arrivals.
Just above the histogram, you can click on Data Summary to get the median date, mean date and other summary statistics for a particular species/year combination.
You can also explore the relationship of arrival date over time (are birds arriving earlier now than they were two decades ago?) by clicking on the Year radio button on the left and clicking on the Scatterplot tab.
Some species adjust their migrations based on the nature of the spring at a particular point. We know that eastern seaboard weather is correlated from Delaware to Maine. A cold March in Pennsylvania predicts a cold (even colder!) March in Maine and may result in a later than average arrival for, as an example, Common Grackles.
You can explore this relationship by clicking on the Temperature.Departure.from.Mean radio button and clicking on the Scatterplot tab. Negative temperature departures indicate a cooler than average month while positive departures indicate a warm month.
A cold March does not necessarily lead to a cold April and a cold May. Therefore, the temperature.departure values are based on the primary month of arrival for different species. So, March temperature departures are used for Red-winged Blackbird, April for Hermit Thrush and May for Black-billed Cuckoo.
The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is a northern Atlantic weather phenomenon that is driven by the difference in pressure between the relatively fixed Icelandic Low and the Azores High. Here's a good exploration of the topic: https://www.wikiwand.com/en/North_Atlantic_oscillation
When a Positive NAO (strong difference in pressure between the Icelandic Low and Azores High) occurs, the hemispheric winds produce a wet and mild winter in our part of the world. A Negative NAO produces a cold, dry winter in New England and Atlantic Canada. One expects spring to arrive earlier during a Positive NAO event.
You can explore the effect of the NAO Index on arrival date by clicking on the NAO.Index radio button. You will find that this index is not a very good predictor of arrival dates for most species.
When you look at one of the trend lines in a scatterplot, be careful about the interpretation. Particularly for lines where the confidence limits are broad (indicated by the darker gray area around the line), a relationship may not be statistically significant.
If you want to get into the statistical weeds to see if a line is statistically significant, click on the Regression Statistics tab. If the p-value (the last line of the output) is greater than 0.05, then the line is not a statistically significant one.
I hope you enjoy exploring the data, made possible only by a dedicated corps of citizen scientists.