Date: 3/14/17 12:33 pm
From: Donald C. Steinkraus <steinkr...>
Subject: Re: Yard questions
Birds and Insects and Plants are Interconnected

The invasive plants, nationwide, worldwide, along with invasive insects, exotic plant pathogenic fungi, etc. have wreaked havoc on our ecosystems and will continue to do so. All one has to think of is: American chestnut (wiped out by exotic fungus), American elm (essentially decimated by exotic fungus), ash trees (under great threat from exotic Emerald ash borer), all our hardwoods (from exotic Asian longhorn beetle), etc. etc.

I agree with Mary Ann and other writers below that for the sake of the birds, invasive plants be removed when in our power.

Honestly, the horticulture industry and USDA scientists that promoted plants such as Callery (Bradford) pears, Sericea lespideza, multiflora rose, Bermuda grass, fescue, Johnson grass, ailanthus trees, privet, bush honeysuckle, Japanese honeysuckle, English ivy, Nandina, and so many other plants, have greatly harmed the abundance and diversity of our native moths and other insects (that feed the birds) and therefore, bird life.

Like others on this listserv I am trying to walk the walk and kill and remove all the invasives above, but I recognize it is not in my power to do anything but mitigate the problem a bit.

From: The Birds of Arkansas Discussion List <ARBIRD-L...> on behalf of Mary Ann King <office...>
Sent: Tuesday, March 14, 2017 2:17:24 PM
To: <ARBIRD-L...>
Subject: Re: Yard questions

Janet Carson has done a lot in Arkansas & yes, she will only speak of natives when asked. I certainly wasnít disparaging her knowledge. And I didnít mean she endorsed Bradford pears Ė when I spoke of the Bradford pears, I was only using it as an example of the perils of planting invasive species. Iíd just like to see her not suggesting using invasives at all. I donít have a problem with her recommending most non natives Ė

We have way too many invasive species that are being sold -

MaryAnn King
In the pine woods northwest of London
From: The Birds of Arkansas Discussion List [mailto:<ARBIRD-L...>] On Behalf Of Jim and Karen Rowe
Sent: Tuesday, March 14, 2017 12:35 PM
To: <ARBIRD-L...>
Subject: Re: Yard questions

I think Sally Jo Gibson made an excellent suggestion, especially if you preface your question to Janet Carson with the comment that you only want to plant natives. I gave a Master Garden presentation about landscaping your yard for birds using natives, and Janet Carson's presentation on perennial plants for the garden was just after mine. I stayed to listen and was pleased to hear Janet promoting natives because they were best adapted to Arkansas soil and weather.

Karen Rowe
From: Sally Jo Gibson <sjogibson...><mailto:<sjogibson...>>
To: <ARBIRD-L...><mailto:<ARBIRD-L...>
Sent: Monday, March 13, 2017 12:09 PM
Subject: Re: Yard questions

Iím so very sorry for making this recommendation!!

Sent from Mail<> for Windows 10

From: Mary Ann King<mailto:<office...>
Sent: Monday, March 13, 2017 12:00 PM
To: 'Sally Jo Gibson'<mailto:<SJOGibson...>; <ARBIRD-L...><mailto:<ARBIRD-L...>
Subject: RE: Yard questions

While Janet Carson is undoubtedly an expert in her field, she does often recommend species that are not native & are invasive as well. I have been fighting Winter honeysuckle for years which she recommends for bees. Invasive species crowd out native trees, shrubs & grasses. Proof? Look at Callery pear, Japanese honeysuckle, privet, Kudzu and on & on.

Native species are best to use if you want to feed birds. Oaks are at the top of the list for having caterpillars which birds eat for protein & rearing their young.

MaryAnn King
In the pine woods northwest of London

UA Cooperative Extension Service. Janet Carson in the Little Rock office is an expert on yards.
Sally Jo Gibson
Harrison, AR

Hi all,

This is for bird-ers, plant-ers, and animal-ers alike. We live in a neighborhood in eastern Fayetteville which is well-treed and well-lawned. This time of year, we frequently see trucks from one or another of the various lawn maintenance companies, as well as many of our DIY neighbors fertilizing and spreading other stuff on their lawns. The result in the summer is a lot of very green and carefully mowed carpets. We've resisted, with the result that our front and back yards are largely pretty bare ground. We would like some advice on "in-between" choices which are relatively low-maintenance and benign/supportive of birds and other animals (and plants). We're trying to find out more about micro-clover as an alternative to lawn grasses. Thoughts?

Jonathan Perry, Ph.D.
Licensed Psychologist
Fayetteville, Arkansas

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